Arthritis Causes and Symptoms

August 24, 2018

Arthritis is one of the most common chronic conditions in the United States and the world at large. It is an inflammation of the joints, affecting either a single joint or multiple joints, and there are more than 100 different subsets of the condition, each of which has its own underlying causes and available treatment methods.

The symptoms associated with arthritis develop over a long period of time in most cases, but can also manifest themselves quite suddenly. It is most common in seniors over the age of 65, but can also be found in children, teens and young adults. It tends to be more common in women and in people who are overweight or obese.

Here’s some information you should know about arthritis, from a joint pain clinic in Fort Mill, SC.

Common symptoms

By far the most common symptoms of arthritis and the telltale signs of the condition are joint pain, stiffness and swelling. These issues will likely lead to a decreased range of motion, and could also cause some redness of the skin around the affected joint. It is common for people who suffer from arthritis to report worse symptoms in the morning than at other times of day.

If you suffer from rheumatoid arthritis, one of the more common variants of the condition, you could also feel constantly tired or suffer from a loss of appetite because of the inflammation caused by the immune system’s activity in fighting against it. Some people also become anemic, or develop slight fevers more easily. Severe cases of rheumatoid arthritis can even cause potential joint deformities.

Causes of arthritis

There are a variety of causes of arthritis that you should be aware of—with how common the condition is, you probably know people who have developed arthritis in a wide variety of ways.

One cause is a reduction of cartilage tissue. Cartilage is a flexible yet firm connective tissue found in your joints. It helps to absorb the pressure and “shocks” to the joints created during your movements and certain stressful activities.

Normal wear and tear of your body can also result in arthritis, and it can be exacerbated by injuries or infections to your joints. There are some forms of arthritis that you are more likely to experience if you have a family history of the condition.

Rheumatoid arthritis is unique in that it is an autoimmune disorder, meaning your body’s immune system begins to attack some of its own tissues. These attacks specifically target the synovium, which is a soft tissue found in your joints that creates a fluid meant to soothe the cartilage and lubricate the joints. There are certain genetic markers some people have that drastically increase their chances of developing rheumatoid arthritis.

Are you looking for more information about arthritis and its causes and potential treatments? Apollo Physical Medicine encourages you to contact our joint pain clinic in Fort Mill, SC with any questions you have. We look forward to helping you relieve your arthritis symptoms and enjoy a fuller and more active life!

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